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  • cup2013 11:42 am on March 16, 2011 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: Alan Ritchie, architectural nepotism, Indiana, Jane Blaffer Owen, Joseph Lipschitz, , New Harmony, Philip Johnson, Primitive hut, Roofless Church,   

    any answer… 


    Anyone who learned Indiana history in grade school surely learned one thing about New Harmony…it was once a “Utopian society”.

    Picnic at New Harmony, Indiana circa 1890-1910.

    Lesson / Koan : Reading requires more than vision.

    New Harmony, Indiana, located on the banks of the Wabash River, is a community that began almost two hundred years ahead of its time. New Harmony was first a spiritual sanctuary that later became a haven for international scientists, scholars, and educators who sought equality in communal living.

    BTW,

    Although many think of communes as a product of the free-spirited 1960s, New Harmony, Indiana is home to a piece of design history that reflects the ideals of this place.

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    Roofless Church; New Harmony, IN; 1960; Theoretical plan.

    In 1960 architect Philip Johnson created a paved court above which floats a fifty-foot high lobed dome, covered with cedar shingles. The non-denominational church was commissioned by Jane Blaffer Owen, a New Harmony resident passionate about preserving nature. Johnson and Owen envisioned a church where the only roof large enough to encompass a world of worshippers was the sky. The church was dedicated in May of 1960.

    Approximately 1,500 visitors turned out for the dedication of the Roofless Church in New Harmony, Ind., on May 2, 1960.

    The church is an open park surrounded by a brick wall. At one end of the park is a dome, shaped in folds that look somewhat like draped cloth. Some interpret the shape as an inverted rosebud, and it is said that the structure casts the shadow of an open rose.

    Roofless Church in New Harmony, Indiana circa 2009.

    Although a Biblical quotation on the structure mentions the rose, there is no evidence that the architect intended it to resemble, or cast the shadow of, an actual rose. At the top of the dome is an oculus, or round opening. Under the dome is a statue, also commissioned by Owen, by Joseph Lipschitz.

    Under the dome of the Roofless Church.

    NOTE :

    Is it not ironic that potentially the two most significance commissions of Philip Johnson’s career are both from female clients? The answer is no, in that architecture has always been female, and the organic form of the Roofless Church embodies the opposite of a male driven profession. The simple fact that the Roofless Church structure does not have doors and at the same time provides shelter permanently connects itself to the origins of architecture. The Roofless Church is once again nothing more the equivalent of architectural nepotism. The primitive hut and the modern church bonded by both narrative and material types.

    Roofless Church; New Harmony, IN; 1960; Section.

    Architecture is nepotism & Nepotism is architecture…the two can not be separated due to the fact that history has any answer which an old or young architect will ever need.

    The Roofless Church is a minor work and for many an unknown building in the Philip Johnson’s oeuvre, although the walled space does call to mind his fondness for enclosed medieval gardens. As for the domed structure itself, there is nothing else like it in his body of work. Although, the golden rose was the symbol of the utopian community that founded the town of New Harmony, Indiana.

    Roofless Church; New Harmony, IN; circa 1960; Exterior.

    Alan Ritchie, of PJAR Architects, was Philip Johnson’s senior partner in Philip Johnson Architects for the last period of Johnson’s life. He knew both the man and his work and labored alongside Philip Johnson for decades. Alan describes the New Harmony, Indiana “Roofless Church” as an exercise in redefining sacred space. He states that Philip Johnson, with this bold move, changed forever the way we see “enclosures.

    Maybe both Johnson & Ritchie need a history lesson. The history of both New Harmony, Indiana & the Roofless Church are crystal clear, if one can read.

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    • KG 2:58 pm on March 28, 2012 Permalink | Reply

      Greetings! where did you get that first image of the people having a picnic in New Harmony?

      • Owen 3:44 pm on August 21, 2012 Permalink | Reply

        Filmed in 2003, there’s a 6minute video on YouTube titled “Roofless Orbit”, which shows the interior & exterior gardens/architecture around the Roofless Church. Link:

  • cup2013 3:13 pm on September 16, 2010 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: canopy, Charles Darwin, client, Primitive hut, Tree of Life   

    branching off… 


    The tree as a symbol, extends its canopy for a reason.

    The quickly assembled imagery below begins to display historic cycles of the “Tree of Life.”  The multi-branching tree represents that all life on earth is connected.  Yesterday’s myth of the driftwood revealed this fact via the idea that all parts of the tree can be fruits, even the branches.  The fruitful connection per our journey comes via language and culture.  Each individual language & Primitive Hut is directly tied to its cultural location.  Yet, how do the stories live on or are being passed on?  The ability to adapt is built into the systems of the tree, directly analogous to the story’s ability to do the same.  The systems of nature & language have tremendous overlaps mixing in the most wonderful and unforeseen ways.  The canopy of the tree extends as a form of shelter.  In a past post, the Primitive Hut was mentioned.  As seen in the frontispiece for treatises of architecture, the Primitive Hut is made from four columns and a roof.  ALL the elements for the hut come from trees.  A closer look at the image reveals a possible re-reading of the hut’s construction.  Could the four columns of the hut been an existing series of trees within the forest?  If so, all that was needed for the hut was a roof to be complete.  The roof acts as the canopy for a building.  In the built realm, how many times do we come across an ideal situation for building?  The four existing trees of the hut have canopies in the frontispiece.  The branches framing the roof are un-natural in their new formation.  A system of geometry is introduced into a natural setting.  Observing the tree as a symbol of life is an ageless lesson.  A hut, structure or building which needs no roof is lesson too.  Is the roof the most important, or the least important element of building?  Remember, the hut has no walls, but it has a roof built into its pre-existing system of construction.  The systems of addition & subtraction are present at each site of construction. The construction of myths, books, buildings, gardens, etc.  The talents comes in recognizing the system’s limits before any act on the site or off.

    A last suggestion, could the word system be exchanged with the word We’ve got the best Finpecia prices you can find on the market nowadays. Purchase your Finpecia at our store for 0.71 USD today! client throughout this post?

    Charles Darwin at age 72.

    “From the first growth of the tree, many a limb and branch has decayed and dropped off; and these fallen branches of various sizes may represent those whole orders, families, and genera which have now no living representatives, and which are known to us only in a fossil state. As we here and there see a thin, straggling branch springing from a fork low down in a tree, and which by some chance has been favoured and is still alive on its summit, so we occasionally see an animal like the Ornithorhynchus (Platypus) or Lepidosiren (South American lungfish), which in some small degree connects by its affinities two large branches of life, and which has apparently been saved from fatal competition by having inhabited a protected station. As buds give rise by growth to fresh buds, and these, if vigorous, branch out and overtop on all sides many a feebler branch, so by generation I believe it has been with the great Tree of Life, which fills with its dead and broken branches the crust of the earth, and covers the surface with its ever-branching and beautiful ramifications.”

    – Charles Darwin, On the Origin of Species

    The Kabbalah Tree of Life derived from the Flower of Life.

    An 1847 depiction of the Norse Yggdrasil as described in the Icelandic Prose Edda by Oluf Olufsen Bagge.

    File:Tree of life SVG.svg

    Graphical representation of the modern "Tree of Life on the Web" project.

    A diagram of the Tengriist World view on a shaman's drum.

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  • cup2013 11:43 am on September 8, 2010 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: Primitive hut   

    shelf life… 


    A line was drawn between two building projects yesterday.  Two temporary building projects.  If the time period, (aka. shelf life ) of a building is a given, does this increase its’ architectural impact?  Primitive hut to a 21st century Japanese pavilion, has anything changed?  It has been said that the apple on Mr. Newton’s tree, fell last for architects.  These examples relate directly to the fruit harvested for each building exposition displaying the so-called new.  Hollywood retells the same stories to each new generation of moviegoers.  So, the vintage 1950’s images of audiences wearing 3D glasses, look new and up to date.  The point being, will we all need special eyewear for the next building exposition?  According to inside bloggers, Toshiba will ship 3D TVs late this year that will *not* require those 1950’s era 3D glasses.  Toshiba is a Japanese company, right?

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