contrary to…


In framing an ideal we may assume what we wish, but should avoid impossibilities. – ARISTOTLE

Lesson / Koan : Two hands clap and there is a sound. What is the sound of one hand?

” If you are in need of a cost effective solution for your Shallaki purchase, we are the one to provide it! We offer Shallaki only for 46.25 USD! Professor Greene is lecturing. Down the hall, her arch-rival, Professor Browne, is also lecturing. Professor Greene is holding forth at length about how absurd Professor Browne’s ideas are. She believes Professor Browne to be lecturing in Room 33. So to emphasize her point, she writes on the blackboard the single sentence:

We have gathered all the best deals on the market for high quality medicines. Buy your Glycomet at our store now only for 0.37 USD!

Everything written on the board in Room 33 is false.

But Professor Greene has made a mistake. She, herself, is in Room 33.

So is what she has written on the board true or false? If it’s true, then since it itself is written on the board, it’s false. If it’s false, then since it is the only thing written on the board, it’s true. Either way, it’s both true and false.” – from Paradoxical Truth, By GRAHAM PRIEST


Graham Priest Graham Priest is a Distinguished Professor of Philosophy at the Graduate Center, City University of New York, and Boyce Gibson Professor of Philosophy at the University of Melbourne (Australia). His books include “In Contradiction,” “Beyond the Limits of Thought,” “Towards Non-Being,” and “Introduction to Non-Classical Logic.”

 

BTW,

Philosophers and logicians love paradoxes, and the one above — is among many versions of what is usually called the Liar Paradox, discovered by the ancient Greek philosopher Eubulides (4th century B.C.).

Paradoxes are apparently good arguments that lead to conclusions that are beyond belief  –

( Greek: “para” = beyond, “doxa” = belief ).

When you meet a paradox, you’ve got only two choices. What are the two choices?

NOTE :

Etymologies are not definitions; they’re explanations of what words meant and how they sounded 600 or 2,000 years ago.

When researching the etymology of Paradox…a friend of CUPtopia appeared.

paradox
1530s, from L. paradoxum “paradox, statement seemingly absurd yet really true,” from Gk. paradoxon, from neut. of adj. paradoxos “contrary to expectation, incredible,” from para- “contrary to” + doxa “opinion,”
koan
Zen paradox, from Japanese ko “public” + an “matter for thought.”

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